Categorizing Losses

T IDALBAS INGROUP.COM 5 activation of the Emergency Operations Center (EOC) and the evacuation itself. Additionally, costs incurred for boarding windows and sandbagging prior to an event would be eligible. Historically, Category B is controversial, since the terms immediate threat, cost effective and health and safety are somewhat subjective. Agencies view and respond to threats differently, whereas FEMA staff typically define threats identified in their written policies. In the above categories of work, we encourage our clients to do what is necessary to get back to normal. This serves two purposes: it allows you to get back to day-to-day operations as quickly as possible; and it demonstrates to FEMA that you are not acting solely because they are providing aid. Category C—Road Systems Repairs and Replacements The damage must be directly related to the disaster — it cannot be a pre-existing condition or caused by an event after the official period of incidence. Repairs to structures (bridges, etc.) may be made when the estimated repair cost is less than the estimated replacement cost, unless the structure is damaged greater than 50%. If a structure is damaged to the extent that repairs exceed 50% of the replacement costs, funding may be provided to replace the structure. The Subrecipient also may choose to make repairs, however, the funding provided will be limited to the cost of replacement. Road Repairs On gravel roads, the base need not be damaged to be eligible for major gravel replacement. Loss of gravel must be evident. Potholes and rutted surfaces must be proven to be a result of the disaster event. Paving Loss of paved surface is eligible. Alligatored surface is generally a sign of normal deterioration and is not eligible, unless proven to be exclusively disaster related. On-System Facilities Facilities funded by other federal agencies, such as the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), are not eligible for permanent repair. Emergency measures are eligible on federal aid roads except where the Emergency Relief (ER) Program of the FHWA is activated. For further particulars, see FEMA’s Public Assistance Program and Policy Guide (PAPPG).